Costello Medical Consulting have been running an internship programme since 2012 and this is described in the following article, which was previously published in the Journal of the European Medical Writers Association (EMWA); Medical Writing, Volume 25 issue 3, September 2016.
Authors; Debbie Nixon and Sophie Pearson of Costello Medical Consulting
Medical communications is a rapidly growing industry and competition for experienced recruits is often fierce. Paradoxically, however, ‘getting your foot in the door’ can be very difficult for those without formal medical writing experience. Thus, for applicants wishing to embark on a career in medical communications, prior experience can strengthen a candidate’s CV and provide them with an invaluable insight into the day-to-day life of a medical writer.
In lieu of previous employment in the medical writing field, a well-structured internship should also enable the intern to sharpen their writing and editorial skills, whilst learning more about the healthcare industry in general, ultimately increasing their chances of finding a suitable job in medical communications. There are also notable benefits for the host company, since the additional resource provided by interns can make important contributions to project work, easing the workloads of perm- anent staff, and provide opportunities to staff members looking for line management experience. Moreover, a successful period of on-the-job training and development of a core set of medical writing skills may result in the offer of a permanent position with the host company or elsewhere.
Establishing a successful internship programme
Since its launch in 2012, the Scientific Internship Programme at Costello Medical has offered internship positions for graduates and postgraduates from a range of disciplines to gain experience in the medical communications industry. Our primary goal had been to enable those interested in healthcare and with a passion for writing to make a more informed decision about whether the industry could provide a fulfilling and rewarding career for them.
Now in its fifth consecutive year, with a total of 54 interns hosted to date, our internship programme has undoubtedly fulfilled its original ambition of giving individuals a hands-on experience of life in a busy medical communications agency. The programme has also supported the company’s long-term growth strategy, with many of the interns transitioning into permanent positions at the end of their internship.
The duration of internships may vary greatly from company to company. At Costello Medical, we usually offer a three- month internship period, which allows sufficient time for an intensive two-week induction and training period, followed by approximately 10 weeks of project work where interns can contribute to a range of ongoing client deliverables. Subject to an internal review, interns may choose to extend their contracts for up to six months.
This provides a greater opportunity for the intern to take on more project responsibility and potentially experience work across other divisions of Costello Medical. Participants are typically based in one division of the company with their assigned line manager but are able to gain experience across a variety of project types, including: medical writing, evidence development, medical affairs and market access.
The internship programme at Costello Medical is constantly evolving as we implement feedback from every new round of interns. We have also defined a set of core programme objectives to make the experience as rewarding as possible for the intern (see below).
Key objectives for a successful internship:
- To experience a variety of projects reflective of a permanent position
- To see at least one project through from start to finish
- To gain an insight into project management
- To gain experience of communication with clients
Beyond these key objectives, individual intern programmes are designed to be managed flexibly and relatively informally; this enables the intern and their manager to match project work with the intern’s own interests as new opportunities arise, and to facilitate the rapid delivery of client work when it is needed.
Practicalities for intern recruitment
Developing a compelling advertisement that communicates the benefits of the internship programme is a crucial first step in the recruitment process and is worth investing time in. The advertisement should include a clear outline of the tasks and responsibilities of the internship position, and list the type of hands-on experience that successful applicants will have the opportunity to gain. If there is scope for the internship to lead to a permanent role with the host company, this should also be mentioned. Ideally, candidates should be able to review the key criteria for a successful internship and quickly determine their suitability. Practical details relating to the internship should also be included, such as internship duration, possible start dates, hours of work, and salary.
Of course, a well-crafted internship advertisement will only yield results if it reaches the desired audience, so deciding where to post the role requires careful consideration. Most universities have a dedicated careers service, and many will advertise vacancies free of charge. For a broader reach, and to advertise to those already working in industry/academia or the medical profession, advertising on high- visibility recruitment sites can be a fruitful avenue to consider. Participation at organised recruitment events such as the EMWA Internship Forum, MedComms Networking events, university careers events, or in-house company open days can also provide good exposure for internship opportunities within your company, alongside opportunities for other permanent positions.
There is likely to be some overlap between established recruitment processes at the host company and those taken to recruit interns. However, given the short- term nature of the internship, these processes are unlikely to necessitate multiple assessment rounds or interview stages. Consider the most efficient and effective way of assessing how far the candidate meets the requirements for the internship – for example, completing a short writing test or attending an assessment day, as well as a formal interview. When interviewing intern candidates, take account of the fact that they are likely to have less industry experience than those applying for full-time roles, so their responses to questions about client management and commercial awareness in general may be less developed.
As we see greater globalisation of the pharmaceutical industry and the world of work overall, an increasing number of intern applications are likely to be received from overseas candidates. Therefore, on a practical level, it is important to verify the candidate’s right to work in a particular country prior to making an offer, and also to be transparent during the recruitment process about the assistance available for obtaining visas or work permits.
Management and planning for internships
Establishing an effective system for intern management and resource planning can support long-term planning on a company-wide level, and also helps to ensure that the internship is mutually beneficial to both the intern and the host company. Below we summarise the approach taken at Costello Medical, although the most appropriate methods for management and planning may vary depending upon company size and structure.
Management and mentorship – Each intern is assigned a senior staff member (typically a Senior Medical Writer or Senior Analyst) to act as both line manager and mentor. The manager meets with the intern on their first day in the office and schedules weekly meetings to discuss ongoing projects, and address any questions or concerns the intern may have. Periodically, the intern and their manager also meet with an internship programme co-director to discuss how their individual programme is going and to identify any new objectives that may help the intern reach their full potential.
Intern training – Upon arrival at the company, each intern completes a two-week induction period. This training period provides an opportunity for the intern to gain an understanding of the company ethos and approach to work, as well as the breadth of projects that the company delivers. This also facilitates interaction with other company employees, across all divisions, and enables the intern to spend time with other new recruits. The intern will also receive more detailed guidance and training for any specific projects they are assigned to.
Planning intern resource – Prior to arrival, the intern will be assigned a variety of projects, with the aim to develop a varied and enjoyable workload throughout the internship. However, individual intern programmes are designed to be fairly flexible and planning typically allows for interns to provide support for additional projects. The ultimate goal is to design a tailored programme for the intern that takes into account the intern’s own interests and skills, whilst factoring in the demands of current project work.
Project management – The intern is likely to be working within multiple project teams, led by different project managers. To ensure that the intern is not overwhelmed, a suitable amount of time is allocated on a weekly basis to work on each project. The intern manager plays a vital role in ensuring that all project managers are updated if there is a change in priority for any specific project.
The importance of intern feedback
Communication plays a vital role in generating a successful internship and project managers are encouraged to provide regular feedback on intern performance and attitude to work. Not only does this provide an opportunity to recognise high quality work and important contributions to a team project, it also helps to establish personal goals for the intern to work towards in order to maximise the success of their internship and to make the experience as rewarding as possible.
A formal review meeting around four to six weeks into the internship programme provides an opportunity for the intern manager to provide feedback on what the intern is doing well and where there is room for improvement. Another review meeting held at the end of the internship is incredibly valuable as this enables the intern, their manager and the programme co-director to discuss what went well and any aspects of the internship programme that could be improved. Suggestions for improvements to the programme are actively encouraged as part of the wrap-up process and are implemented where possible, playing a vital part in maximising the value of the programme for future interns. The intern is asked to prepare a short report in advance of the wrap-up meeting, summarising their internship experience. This report forms a great starting point for discussions and can also prove to be a useful document for the intern to refer to in any future job applications.
As the internship comes to completion, the host company may offer the intern advice on alternative opportunities within medical communications or the wider pharmaceutical industry. The HR team and intern managers can also provide employment references and application advice.
For those who have enjoyed their internship experience, applying for a permanent role within the host company may be an attractive option. Promising interns who have demonstrated skills and commitment throughout their internship are offered support in applying for a permanent position with the company. If a successful intern does decide to apply for a permanent role, the host company benefits from a new staff member who has already undergone the induction and training process and who is familiar with the company’s culture and ways of working, allowing them to make an immediate and positive impact upon their transition to permanent role.
We would like to thank Danielle Hart, Graphic Designer (and former Graphic Design intern), Costello Medical Consulting Ltd., for assistance with figures, and Simon Page, Head of Publications and EMWA Internship Programme Advisor, Costello Medical Consulting Ltd., for critical review and support.
Debbie Nixon (BSC, DPhil): Publication Manager and Scientific Internship Programme Co-director, Costello Medical Consulting Ltd., Cambridge, UK firstname.lastname@example.org
Sophie Pearson (BA): HR Manager, Costello Medical Consulting Ltd., Cambridge, UK email@example.com
[Find out more about Costello Medical Consulting here]